Rashtrapati BhavanRashtrapati Bhavan or President's Palace is the official residence of the President of India.
Rashtrapati Bhavan HistoryIn 1911, it was decided at the Delhi Durbar that the capital of the country would be shifted to Delhi.
The construction of Rashtrapati Bhavan was to affirm the permanence of British rule in India and the building and its surroundings were supposed to be ''an empire in stone''.
Architecture of Rashtrapati BhavanThe entire complex is vast. It houses four floors and 340 rooms in total. Interestingly, this massive bhawan has been built mainly by use of bricks, stone and negligible amount of steel has been used.
The Dome is an attractive feature representing a blend of British, European and Indian styling. The President's House is surrounded by the Central Secretariat buildings, Parliament House, India Gate.
A lot of Indian designs like Chattris, Chajjas, Jallis, Buddhist railings, etc were incorporated in the making of this pleasant structure. The colors that have been used, water features, statues of elephant, provide an Indian touch. There is also a canopy outside the entrance.
The famous Mughal Gardens also lie in the premises of Rashtrapati Bhawan. This beautiful garden designed with a blend of both the British and Mughal art, constitutes European flowerbeds, water fountains, and artificial lakes.
Ceremonies at Rashtrapati Bhavan
The Rashtrapati Bhawan continues to host many royal ceremonies having distinct national importance. One such attractive ceremony is the Guard Mounting / Change of Guard. The Change of Guard is a military tradition wherein the guards, troops or the sentries at palaces, forts change and allow other troops to take charge.
The old and new troops consist of those belonging to the President's Body Guard (PBG). The entire ceremony is accompanied by melodious and inspiring music of the military bands.The ceremonial change of guard takes place on every Saturday at around 8:00-9:00 am in the summer mornings and continues for 40 minutes.
The Beating Retreat marks the end of the Republic Day celebrations and takes place on the evening of 29 January. The President of India is the chief guest for the ceremony.
At the closing of the ceremony, all the flags are brought down and the entire Raisina Hills, Vijay Chowk, North and South Block of the Rashtrapati Bhavan are illuminated with bright lights.The President's Palace is also the venue for the ceremonial grants of prestigious awards like Padam Shree, Padam Vibhushan, Gallantry Awards, etc.
Every President presents a Silver Trumpet and Trumpet Banner to his bodyguard. The President's Body Guard is the senior most regiment of the Indian Army and is a regiment with horses which carries out all the ceremonial duties for the President. This tradition dates back to 1923 and is conducted in the forecourt of the Rashtrapati Bhavan.