Jama Masjid in DelhiMasjid-i Jahan-Numa is a renowned Islamic shrine sited in the heart of Old Delhi which is popularly called as Jama Masjid that means “The world reflecting mosque”. The name Jama Masjid refers to the congregation prayers that are held on every Friday noon. The mosque is sited on the Chawri Bazar road of Old Delhi opposite to Red fort and Taj Mahal. The mosque was built in 19th October, 1656 AD by the great Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. The Emperor laid the foundation of the masjid on the Shahjahanabad hill rock.
The mosque is a popular landmark in Old Delhi and attracts international tourist and devotees every year as it is the biggest mosque in India with a total capacity for 25000 people to offer prayer at a time. Jama Masjid is an example for Mughal architectural style in India as it took 6 long years for its completion using 6000 labourers.
This priceless historic architecture said to be worth a million rupees during the period of Shah Jahan. Close to the northern gate of the Masjid is a closet which stores many relics and an antique copy of holy Quran written on deer skin. Relics are the physical remains of great saints/rulers or their jewellery / weapons.
Architectural Style of Jama MasjidThe three dome architecture of Jama Masjid is of 80 meters height and 27 meters width with four towers and three massive entry gates. The entry from the eastern end leads to the vault of Sultan Ahmed Shah. This high construction can be seen from anywhere within 5 km distance from the masjid. The architectural style of the masjid is a mixture of Hindu and Islam style of architecture. The mosque has two 41 meters height Minarets decorated with white marble and pure red stone stripes. Minaret means the light house of the mosque from where devotees are called for Prayer. The minarets are shared into 3 galleries which are prevailed by 12 sided open vaulted pavilions.
The west chamber of Jama Masjid has 260 long pillars in it all of which are engraved as per Hindu and Jain custom. The floor plan of the Delhi Jama Masjid is same as the Fatehpur Sikri Jama Masjid. The courtyard of Jama Masjid is rectangular in shape with 75 meters height & 66 meters width and it can be reached from the North, East and South through 3 stairs red stone steps. The north, south and east massive gate entrance of Jama Masjid has 39, 33 and 35 steps respectively. These steps are occupies by many street vendors and it is a busy shopping hub in Old Delhi especially the eastern side of Jama Masjid is very popular for birds and poultry shopping.
The masjid is built facing west direction and its three domes has alternate black and white marble bands with its top most end filled with gold. Each dome of the masjid covers a big hall with seven curved entrance made of marble. White marble tablet are incorporated above each entrance which has writing in black marble. The masjid floor is fully covered with white and black marbles.
Jama Masjid is a very popular tourist destination which attracts international tourists to its vicinity. It is opened for public view for all seven days in a week from 7 am till 12 pm and from 1.30 pm till 6.30 pm. Entry is free in Jama Masjid but outsiders or tourist are not allowed in Masjid premise during prayer hours.
Address: Chandni Chowk
New Delhi, Delhi-110006
Phone no.: 011 2336 5358
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