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Situated on the banks of river Yamuna, Delhi is located at 28.38° N and 77.13° E on the northern part of India. Considered to be a part of the Aravalli Range, major part of Delhi is a plain area or Bhangar which is very fertile. The other regions of Delhi like the Yamuna plains are prone to flood while the Delhi ridge which is the most important feature of this region is bordered by the Aravallis. The entire topography of this city is divided into two prominent regions - the Yamuna Flood Plain and the ridge.
A scared river of the Hindus, Yamuna is the only important river flowing through Delhi while the Delhi ridge which is simply called the Ridge is an extension of the Aravalli Range. The river bed is rich in alluvial soil and the plains are very fertile. As the plains of the river Yamuna are very fertile vegetation of Delhi comprises of medium size of trees and herbs.
Neighbours of Delhi:
Delhi is bordered by the state of Haryana on the north, south and west and by Uttar Pradesh to the East. Delhi covers a total area of 1,484 square km , of which 783 square km is rural, and 700 square km is urban.
Climate of Delhi:
Summer in Delhi:
Delhi has extreme weather conditions. While summers are extremely hot and sultry, winters are cold and foggy. Summer in Delhi is characterized by extreme high temperatures which ranges from 40 degree Celsius to 45 degree Celsius. It usually lasts from April to June. The hot western winds 'Loo', blowing over the Indo-Gagnetic makes life even more difficult during the day time. The city does not witness much of rain and has an unpredictable monsoon season.
Monsoon in Delhi:
The monsoon season in Delhi lasts from July to September. October sees the end of the monsoon but it is reasonably pleasant. Delhi receives most of its rain mostly due to northwesterly winds. Precipitation is also at the highest in July and August.
Winter in Delhi
The winter season which begins from mid November and lasts till February also experiences extreme temperatures with temperatures falling to 2 to 3 degree Celsius. For most parts of the winter, Delhi is covered by a blanket of dense fog. The city becomes very chilly and cold during this time, owing to the cold waves that travel down from the Himalayan region.
Best Time to Visit Delhi:
The best time to visit Delhi is during the autumn and spring season in October-November and February-March when the temperature is moderate and the climate is pleasant. This is the perfect time to travel and experience Delhi.
Population of Delhi:
The population of Delhi according to the latest census of 2011 is 16.75 million. With people from all over the country migrating in Delhi, the population of Delhi has increased by nearly 20 percent. Delhi is mostly populated by Hindus, Sikhs, ad Muslims. The literacy rate of Delhi also witnessed an increase over the last decade. According to the census the rate of literacy in Delhi in the year 1961 is only 52.75 and by 2001 it reached to 81.67. By the time of 2011 the rate of literacy in Delhi reached at 86.3, where the rate of male is 91.0 and the rate of women is 80.9.